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APRIL, 1914 5~J±,U<j PRICE TEN CENTS 

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The 




Game 




Published Monthly 





AN ADIRONDACK DEER— PHOTO BY GEO B. HOWLAND. 



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Black ar\d Smokeless. Shotgun. 
)Rifle and Revolver Powders 



for Sport inA Purposes 

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Dynamite. Blasting Powder & 
Blasting Supplies £r Agricultural 
Construction Mining Purposes ( 

A Powder for Every Gun You Own 

NO matter what your taste and ideas as to guns 
may be, whether you use rifle or shotgun or both, 
there is a Hercules powder that will meet your 
needs at every point. At the traps or in the field, for 
target work, or when after big game, you owe it to your- 
self and your gun to use the best powder available for 
the purpose. Make your selection from these powders : 




Shotgun Powders 

Infallible. A dense, smokeless 
powder that burns very clean, is abso- 
lutely waterproof, gives great velocity, 
even patterns, and little recoil. Exten- 
sively used for trap and field shooting. 

E. C. A bulk, smokeless powder that 
meets with favor from those who prefer 
a bulk powder. Has not the waterproof 
qualities of Infallible, but is always uni- 
form in quality, gives good patterns, 
very slight recoil. 

L. & R. Orange Extra. The 
best black powder you can use. Made 
with the care characteristic of all Her- 
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both shotgun and rifle. 



All of the above powders can be ob- 
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bulk. 



Smokeless Rifle Powders 

Sharpshooter. A powder designed 
as substitute for black powder in cart- 
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Unique. A quick burner. De- 
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W. A. 30 Cal. For high power 
rifles^ Designed especially for 30-40, 
and 30-45 cartridges. Slow burning and 
not suited for reduced charges. 

Lightning. Burns quicker than 
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Bullseye. Complete combustion. 
Very clean burning. Best for revolvers 
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We will gladly give you detailed information on any or all of these 
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you use. HERCULES PGWDBIICO. 

Wilmington, Del. 




fife 




THE GAME BREEDER 



CONTENTS 



Survey of the Field — Good Opportunities for Good Shooting — The Jones 

Law — The New York Trout Season Important to Game Breeders — State 

Game Farms — How Newspapers Go Wrong How the Tribune "Went 

Wrong — The Gray Partridge — Pheasants "More Game" for Kansas — 

Our Busy Day Ridiculous Performance of Youngsters "More Game" 

in Ohio — An Interesting Experiment Wild Ducks in Ohio. 

Five Important Wild Duck Foods - W. L. McAtee 

Remarkable Pheasant Breeding - Henry B. Bigelow 

The Eastport Rod and Gun Club - - - Albert Schwebke 

Quail Losses - - - - - - - . - D. W. Huntington 

A Quail Breeder _._..____ J. A. Tally 

A Clever Poacher ---___._- Nimrod 

The Game Breeders' Page. 

Early Nesting Water-Cress Ruffed Grouse Breeding Quail and 

Pheasants — Sheldrakes and Trout — An Egg Hatching Race — Harmful 
Winged Game. 

Editorials — A Long Sales Season A Remarkable Performance — The 

Propagation of All Species — .The Work of Our Readers Our Policy. 

Correspondence — Trade Notes, Etc. 



ELK FOR SALE 

3 BULLS AND 5 COWS 



Crated and delivered on board cars at any place, 
$75 to $100 per head. 



JOHN A. EDWARDS 

EUREKA, KANSAS 



In writing to advertisers please manlion The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game. 



THE GAME BREEDER 



ESTABLISHED 1838 



RED "I>" LINE 

UNITED STATES MAIL CONTRACT STEAMERS 



PASSENGER and FREIGHT SERVICE 

Between NEW YORK 
Porto Rico, Curacao and Venezuela 



Steamers Sail from Pier 11 Brooklyn (Foot of Montague 
Street), every WEDNESDAY, at 12 NOON 



For further particulars regarding Sailings, etc., address : 

BLISS, DALLETT (SL CO. 

82 "WALL STREET NEW YORK CITY 



MORE GAME AND T^hC I ♦*-» l-< A ° NE DOLLAR PER YEAR 

FEWER GAME LAWS 1 . . VjattlC iDPCCClCl* SINGLE COPIES JO CENTS 



The Game Conservation Society, Publishers, have planned a magazine which 
will be devoted to game and game fish, "from the egg to the kitchen." A maga- 
zine for farmers, sportsmen, dealers in live and dead game, hotel-keepers, and all 
others who are interested in game either for sport or for profit. 

There will be a series of handsomely illustrated articles on American Game 
Clubs and Preserves. Many interesting places have been visited by those who are 
preparing these articles, and the reader will be surprised to learn that thousands 
of quail are shot every year on each of a number of preserves, which will be de- 
scribed in early issues of The Game Breeder. 

The story of the ' ' More Game " movement, its peculiar start, and its progress 
up to date, will be interesting to all who believe that it will prove Mr. Huntington's 
contention, that, 

"It should be an easy matter to make North America the biggest 
game producing country in the world." 

The magazine goes to several thousand men who are actively interested in 
| practical game preserving for sport, and to several hundred breeders in the United 
States and Canada who are rearing game for profit. 



THE GAME BREEDER 3 



MORE GAME AND T^he t *-*-» T3 A ONB D0LLAR PER YEAR 

FEWER GAME LAWS 1 . . VJ^LIYIC DVC-C'CiC-Y SINGLE COPIES JO CENTS 



Fish breeding and angling and fish cooking will be given much prominence 
and there will be many authoritative articles on these subjects during the year. 

It is an age of specialists, and The Game Breeder will always aim to be the 
leader in its chosen field. 

Since the editors wish to keep in touch at all times with the small breeders, 
the game keepers and others who know most about game, the price of the magazine 
has been made low in order that every one may take it. 

Per Year, $1.00. Single Copies, 10 Cents 



BOOKS FOR SPORTSMEN AND GAME BREEDERS. 

To Our Readers : — We can furnish any book published and we shall be glad 
to do so. By purchasing from The Game Conservation Society you will aid the 
"More Game" cause. A book and The Game Breeder for the year make a handsome 
present. Add 50 cents to the cost of any book and we will send it with the 
magazine anywhere in America. For Canada and Foreign Countries add 75 cents. 



THE GAME BREEDER 

Send us $1.00 and we will send the Game Breeder to any person in the United 
States for one year. We will send also a card stating by whom the subscription 
is paid. You can help the " More Game " cause by using the magazine as a gift. 



A BOOK AND THE MAGAZINE 

We will send any book published and the magazine for one year upon receipt 
of the price of the book and fifty cents additional. A card will be sent on request 
with the book stating the name of the sender. 



THE GAME CONSERVATION SOCIETY, Publishers, 
150 Nassau Street, .... NEW YORK 



^HE GAME BREEDER 



SPRATT'S 

Game and 
Dog Foods 

are used at the principal estates 
and Game Preserves throughout the 
world. 

Anybody can hatch Pheasant 
Chicks, but it takes knowledge and 
experience to rear them successfully. 

Do you realize that in order to get 
the best results you must feed your 
chicks from the start on foods con- 
taining the most vitalizing and body 
building elements ? 

We Manufacture The Following Game Foods: — 

SPRATT'S PHEASANT MEAL No. 12 

(For pheasant, partridge and quail chicks.) 

SPRATT'S PHEASANT MEAL No. 5 

(For young pheasants.) 

SPRATT'S PHEASANT FOOD No. 3 (For adult birds.) 

SPRATT'S MAXCO (The most nourishing food obtainable ) 

SPRATT'S PRAIRIE MEAT "CRISSEL" (Takes the 
place of Ants' Eggs and is a perfect substitute for insect life.) 

SPRATT'S "WILD DUCK MEAL 

(The best food for ducklings ) 

A WORD TO DOG OWNERS 

=SPRATT , S= 
DOG CAKES 

are now recognized in all sporting circles 
as the Food par excellence for keeping 
dogs up to standard fitness. Dogs fed on 
Spratt's Biscuits work better, behave bet- 
ter, live longer and are more reliable 
than those trained on any other foods. 

Send 2c. stamp for "Dog Culture and 25c. for "Pheasant Culture.' 
"Poultry Culture" sent on receipt of 10c. 





SPRATT'S PATENT LIMITED 



Factory and chief 
offices at 



Newark, N. J. 



T he Game Breeder 



VOLUME V 



APRIL, J9J4 

Co} 
SURVEY OF THE FIELD. 



NUMBER J 



Good Opportunities for Good Shooting. 

Many Game Breeding Associations 
and Shooting Clubs throughout the coun- 
try, which have game in abundance and 
excellent shooting during long open sea- 
sons, are associated with the Game Con- 
servation Society, which publishes The 
Game Breeder. 

Sometimes there are vacancies in one 
or more of these splendid organizations 
and any of our readers who wish to get 
some good shooting can do so by joining 
an association. Write to The Game 
Breeder (Circulation Dept.) stating in 
what state or locality you would prefer 
to shoot and we will put you in the way 
of becoming a member or at least getting 
you on the waiting list. There are sev- 
eral excellent Game Breeding Associa- 
tions quite near Xew York with moder- 
ate dues. Do not hesitate to use your 
magazine. The Game Breeder, if you 
wish to become a member. 

The Jones Law. 

The new Jones law recently signed by 
the Governor of Xew York, contains 
some excellent provisions. (Matter in 
italics is new.) 

1. The Commission may issue li- 
censes to collect or possess for propaga- 
tion, scientific or exhibition purposes, 
and. "The Commission may also issue a 
license revocable at pleasure to any per- 
son, permitting such person to possess 
any species of fish, game, birds, aquatic 
animals or quadrupeds, protected by this 
chapter for propagation purposes only, 
upon payment of a license fee of one dol- 
lar. The Commission may, in its discre- 
tion, require a bond from such person, 
in such sum as the Commission may de- 
termine, conditioned that he will not 
avail himself of the privileges of said 
license for purposes not herein set 
forth:' 



The commission may issue permits to 
enable persons to ship fish, aquatic ani- 
mals, game and quadrupeds lawfully 
taken and possessed for propagation, 
scientific or educational purposes, un- 
der such regulations as the commission 
may prescribe. 

Fish, aquatic animals, quadrupeds and 
game lawfully possessed under this sec- 
tion may be sold at any time, by any 
person receiving a license under this sec- 
tion, for propagation, scientific, educa- 
tional or exhibition purposes only. 

2. Quadrupeds, birds or fish lawfully 
taken and possessed in one part of the 
State, may be transported by the taker as 
provided by section one hundred and 
seventy-eight of this chapter and may be 
possessed by the taker in any part of the 
State for the same period of time dur- 
ing which they may be lawfully possessed 
at the place where taken. 

3. All species of fur-bearing animals 
protected by this chapter may be kept 
alive in captivity at all times, etc. Every 
person obtaining such license shall pay 
the Commission the sum of five dollars 
as a license fee. 

State Game Farms. 

A number of laws authorizing new 
State game farms were enacted but it 
was believed by those who are wise that 
the Governor would not sign all of them. 

The N. Y. Trout Season. 

Under the Jones law the New York 
trout season opens the first Saturday of 
April — closes August 31st, both inclu- 
sive. 

Important to Game Breeders. 

Licensed game breeders may kill their 
elk. deer, mallard ducks and black ducks 
in any manner, at any time, but mallard 
ducks or black ducks killed by shooting. 



6 



THE GAME BREEDER 



shall not be bought, sold or trafficked in. 
The species named can be sold at any 
time. 

How Newspapers Go Wrong. 

The New York Herald expressed the 
opinion that the new Jones law would 
tend to exterminate the game. It only 
relates to game produced by the indus- 
try of breeders and it is intended to en- 
courage them. They may sell their game 
(at fabulous prices) under State regula- 
tions which have been found to be very 
satisfactory and to rapidly increase the 
numbers of the game quadrupeds and 
birds in all States which have enacted 
game breeders laws. The idea the 
Herald advances is that if a producer 
is encouraged to sell his porduct it will 
cause' its extermination. In Massachu- 
setts about 500 breeders are now pro- 
ducing game and one of them in a letter 
which came to-day says his pheasants 
cost 35 cents each. They sell for $2.50 
each in lots of a thousand or more in 
New York markets. The New York law 
only makes it worth while to produce 
game in New York and, of course, the 
Herald editor's fears are not well found- 
ed. He probably was imposed upon by 
some game law enthusiast. An intelli- 
gent State Game Department thinks 
the people should produce food without 
fear of the police and we agree to this. 

How The Tribune Went Wrong. 

The following telegram to the Tribune 
shows how the Tribune reporter viewed 
the new law : 

Albany, March 31.— The labor of years to 
safeguard the deer, duck and other game 
birds and animals will be wiped out by a 
stroke of the pen if Governor Glynn signs the 
new game act introduced by Assemblyman J. 
G. Jones, sportsmen declare, who read the 
J'ones bill to-night. 

The Governor this afternoon said he would 
sign the bill to-morrow. 

The present law, which is wiped out by the 
Jones bill, limits the season in which elk and 
deer may be killed between October 1 and 
March 1. Pheasants may be taken from Octo- 
ber 1 to January 31, and mallards and black 
ducks from October 1 to January 10. 

The Jones bill particularly provides that 
"elk, deer, pheasants, mallard ducks or black 



ducks may be killed in any manner at any 
time." 

Every prominent sportsman and natur- 
alist regards the new Jones law as ex- 
cellent. The mistake made, of course, 
was in overlooking the fact that the law 
only applies to game produced by in- 
dustry and sold under State regulations. 
It will benefit the wild game since often 
game produced by breeders escapes and 
returns to its natural ferocity, when, of 
course, it becomes public property. 

Instead of the game being "wiped out" 
as the paper suggests, a lot of it will be 
"wiped in." Of course editors who do 
not understand a subject — and they can- 
not be expected to understand all— will 
make such mistakes. New York soon 
will be one of the biggest game produc- 
ing countries in the world. Why? Be- 
cause it now pays to produce game. 

Gray Partridges. 

Many American sportsmen who are 
introducing the gray partridge (often 
called English or Hungarian partridge) 
will be interested to know about the 
patridge crop in England and the reason 
for the "patchiness" which occurs. In 
some districts the Shooting Times says, 
coveys are numerous and well-developed, 
but in other places it must be admitted 
the crop of partridges is thin. The lat- 
ter instances, fortunately, are exceptions. 
The nesting season started well but the 
drought in July was the cause of the 
loss of many young chicks. When the 
young birds could not get water or even 
adequate cover then the young birds 
wilted and died. The coveys "got small- 
er and smaller as the dry weather ex- 
tended." 

Since the partridges are thriving in the 
well-watered lowlands it would seem that 
low fertile valleys which always have 
water are better for partridges than up- 
lands which may become too dry in sum- 
mer. 

Pheasants. 

The Shooting Times says pheasants 
have been affected in just the same way. 

The pheasants on the preserve of the 
Game Breeders' Association on Long Is- 



THE GAME BREEDER 



land were very backward last season 
and did not thrive at all when the long- 
continued hot weather caused the grass 
to wither and turn brown. The only 
water the birds had was well water and 
we are quite sure this is not the best 
water for pheasants. The young birds 
undoubtedly thrive on insects and tender 
green grass, lettuce, etc., and on Long 
Island, as elsewhere, the earlier birds do 
far better than late ones. The Game 
Breeders' Association was obliged to rely 
upon purchased eggs since it was impos- 
sible to get pheasant hens at the proper 
time although they were ordered. 

"More Game" for Kansas. 

The State Game Warden of Kansas, 
says : Big green bullfrogs are in demand 
on the farms of Kansas. "Some farmers 
say they want them to eat ; others want 
to hear them sing, while others say they 
just want them around." 

Mr. Dyche said five thousand tadpoles 
had been distributed from the hatcheries 
this spring. 

Since the prairie grouse, which should 
be profitably abundant, in Kansas, are 
vanishing ; since the quail are often win- 
ter killed, because it does not pay to look 
after them, and since it is claimed the 
new Federal regulations prevent duck 
shooting in Kansas, when the ducks are 
there, it seemed that Kansas soon would 
be a "dry" State in so far as shooting is 
concerned. The introduced pheasants 
and "Hungarians" disappeared long ago. 
It is gratifying to know that Kansas is 
to have something. Bullfrogs are better 
than nothing. They should be shot from 
the bow of a punt with very small loads 
of shot and powder in small gauge guns. 

Our Busy Day. 

The Telephone Rang : Game Breed- 
er? Yes. Where can I get 3,000 wild 
duck eggs? Try W. Williams. Cedar 
Valley Club. Most of the dealers are 
sold out. 

Again the Telephone. 

Game Breeder? Yes. Where can I get 

pheasant eggs? Try the Tunxis Club, 

.Clifton Game and Forest Society. Wheal- 



ton Wild Water-Fowl Farms, Macken- 
sen. See advertisements in the maga- 
zine. 

Another Telephone. 

Game Breeder — Governor has signed 
the Jones bill permitting the sale at any 
time of pheasants, wild ducks and deer 
reared by breeders. Fine ! How about 
State game farm bills? Don't know, will 
let you know later. 

Another. 

Game Breeder — Advertising Depart- 
ment please. Increase our space to one 
page. Good ! Send contract for a year. 

Another. 

How about the trout season? O. K. 
Governor has signed the bill. It opens 
Saturday. Good! More game. More 
fish! 

Again the Bell. 

Game Breeder — Send me any books 
you have about breeding. Put me down 
as a subscriber. Where can I get ducks, 
pheasants and eggs ? 

The advertisers can supply the birds. 
Eggs are getting scarce. Try Lucas. 

Again the Merry Bell. 

Game Breeder? Yes. Man just sent 
a dollar to American Protective Asso- 
ciation, says he wants to subscribe to 
Game Breeder. IWill send it over. Hear 
the good news from Albany? People 
are calling us up about it all of the time. 
Yes we have it. Regards to Burnham. 
Tell him things have been moving since 
the American Association was started. 

Ridiculous Performance of Youngsters 

A jury of six called by Justice Hil- 
dreth of Riverhead, N. Y., contained four 
men named Young: John Young, his 
brother, his son, and Frank W. Young. 

Eugene F. Jackson, a guide of East 
Quoquc, L. I., was found guilty by this 
jury of "sailing" ducks. 

Jackson had a party of New York men 

.out for a day's shooting and it was 

charged that he shot some geese from a 

sailboat after they had been wounded 



8 



THE GAME BREEDER 



and knocked down from a battery. The 
party "hated" to see wounded birds get 
away. Justice Hildreth said he believed 
the law should be changed. That it 
seemed only humane to get a wounded 
duck or goose in any way possible. He 
felt obliged to administer the law as he 
found it. 

One of the readers of the Game 
Breeder in sending this story says : "It is 
only too true we need more game and 
less laws." The fine, $40 was paid. 

The Tennessee Fox Law. 

The new Tenessee fox law has pro- 
duced a $20 fine. Two gunners were 
fined $10 each for shooting a fox. Laws 
protecting vermin should not apply to 
game and poultry farms or at least their 
owners should have the right to destroy 
predacious animals when observed des- 
troying game or poultry. Some courts, 
we believe, hold that this is the farmers 
right; that he should protect his prop- 
erty. 

More Game in Ohio. 

Gen. John C. Speaks, Chief Warden, 
Fish and Game Division, Agricultural 
Commission of Ohio, says : 

As a result of the recently enacted 
hunters' license law, Ohio, for the first 
time in its history, has funds with which 
to carry on its fish and game department. 

For a beginning we have purchased 
some 6,000 pairs of Hungarian par- 
tridges. The birds are being placed in 
every county in specially selected loca- 
tions where they will receive the care and 
attention of both farmers and sportsmen. 
In addition to this, one lot of some 800 
pairs will be placed on a 1,200 acre tract 
in charge of two gamekeepers who have 
had some twenty years' experience on 
large estates in Hungary. 

All of these birds are being held in en- 
closures until the extremely severe 
weather of the winter and early spring is 
passed. 

There never has been as much interest 
in fish and game matters in this state as 
at present. 

Quail are quite plentiful. They are 



being fed and cared for in all sections, 
and should we have a favorable breeding 
season, there will be more quail in Ohio 
next year than during the past twenty- 
five years. 

We shall probably make a large pur- 
chase of pheasant eggs for free distribu- 
tion this spring. 

An Interesting Experiment. 

The placing of 800 pairs of gray par- 
tridges in charge of two Hungarian 
gamekeepers in Ohio, should result in 
"more" partridges. 

Connecticut fed a lot of foxes, hawks 
and other vermin with thousands of dol- 
lars worth of partridges without provid- 
ing any sport for the licensed gunners, 
and Prof. Dyche, the Kansas State 
Warden, recently reported that the for- 
eign game introduced in his State • ap- 
peared to have vanished. The partridges 
have disappeared in many other States 
where they are not protected against 
vermin, and the Ohio experiment will be 
observed with interest. 

Wild Ducks in Ohio. 

Ohio has a number of large State res- 
ervoirs which are suitable for wild 
ducks. One of them, St. Mary's, is one 
of the largest, and we believe the largest^ 
artificial lakes in the country. Thou- 
sands of wild ducks easily could be pro- 
duced at a duck farm beside this reser- 
voir and the duck shooting would be 
much improved not only on the reservoir 
but on other State waters, including some 
of the small rivers. 

The Game Breeder can furnish a cap- 
able duck breeder to take charge of such 
a farm and the advertisers can furnish 
wild ducks and eggs. 

There are many small ponds and 
marshes where individuals aiso, might 
undertake wild duck breeding for profit. 
The State might well supply them with 
stock birds just as the Agricultural De- 
partment supplies seeds to those who will 
multiply them. Soon the people of Ohio 
would have cheap wild ducks to eat and 
the State Department would become of 
great economic importance. 



THE GAME BREEDER 



FIVE IMPORTANT WILD DUCK FOODS. 

Part II.— By W. L. McAtee. 
Assistant Biologist, U. S. Department of Agriculture. 



the wood duck, mottled duck, mallard, 
and canvasback. 



Chufa. 

Like some of the other duck foods 

mentioned in this circular, chufas are at description of plant. 

present known to be of only local impor- The chuga (Cyperus esculentus) (fig. 

tance. Those best acquainted with con- 8) belongs to the group of plants known 

ditions at Big Lake, Ark., one of the as sedges. These are grass-like and us- 




Fig. 7.— Range of the wapato. See March number. 



most famous hunting grounds of the 
South, believe that the chufa, or nut 
grass, as it is there called, is the principal 
element in rendering that lake so attrac- 
tive to waterfowl. Examination of 
stomachs from that locality seems to jus- 
tify this belief. Six out of a series of 
nine mallards collected at Big Lake in 
December, 1910, had fed on sedge 
tubers, the average percentage of which 
in the total food of the nine was 56. 
Tubers of this species or others of its 
genus have been found also in duck 
stomachs from Florida, Illinois, Minne- 
sota, and California. The species of 
ducks now known to feed on chufas are 



ually classed with the grasses by non- 
botanists. Many of the sedges, however, 
including the chufa, have triangular, not 
round, stalks. The members of the ge- 
nus Cyperus have a group of leaves at 
the base from which rises the stalk 
bearing the flowers and seeds. In the 
chufa these stalks are from 1 to 3 feet 
high. Several flower clusters on pedun- 
cles of varying length rise from the top 
of the stalk. From the same point three 
rather long grass-like leaves project be- 
low the fruiting clusters. 

Many members of the genus have a 
very similar appearance and it is not ex- 
pected that nonbotanical observers can 



10 



THE GAME BREEDER 



distinguish them. This is unnecessary, 
however, as tubers of the chufa for pro- 
pagation may be obtained from most 
seedsmen. The tubers of the chufa are 
formed at the ends of scale-covered root- 
stocks. The plant is extremely prolific, 
cultivated forms usually producing 100 



dried. Tubers from wild plants are 
usually much smaller and have a greater 
proportion of fiber. The general ap- 
pearance of chufas and of tubers from 
a wild sedge are well shown by figure 9. 
Chufas are known also by the vernacu- 
lar names, earth almonds and ground 




Fig 8 — Seed-bearing and immature plants of the chufa. (Much reduced ) 



tubers to the plant, and instances are 
known in which more than 600 tubers 
were produced in one season from one 
tuber planted in the spring. 

Well-developed tubers of the culti- 
vated variety average about three- 
fourths of an inch in length by three- 
eights of an inch in diameter when 



nuts, and the plant as nut grass and 
cache-cache. 

DISTRIBUTION. 

The northern boundary of the natural 
range of the chufa is marked by the fol- 
lowing localities : Southern New Bruns- 
wick, southern Ontario, northern Ne- 
braska, New Mexico, Arizona and the 



THE GAME BREEDER 



11 



Columbia River Valley. The plant seems 
to be absent from most of the Great 
Basins and Rocky Mountain regions. 
From the northern line specified the 
plant ranges southward over the re- 
mainder of the continent. (See fig. 10.) 
It is widely distributed in warm climates 
over the entire world. 

PROPAGATION. 

Although the chufa seems not to grow 
naturally in a large area in the western 



Chufas do best on light or somewhat 
sandy but rich soils. They are avail- 
ble for duck food when planted on land 
dry in summer and overflowed in winter. 
In the open they should be planted 
thickly so as to give the plants a bettel 
chance in competition with weeds. In 
timbered land they need not be planted 
so thickly, but they will do well only in 
rather sparse growths, where consider- 
able light penetrates to the ground. 




Fig- 9-— Tubers of wild Cyf-crus and 

United States, there is no doubt that it 
can be cultivated everywhere except in 
the higher parts of the Rocky Mountain 
region. It is said to do fairly well at 
the altitude of Denver. 

Chufas can be obtained from most 
seedsmen and are so cheap that it will 
pay sportsmen to buy new stock every 
few years, if earlier plantings show de- 
generation in size of the tubers and 
hence reduction in value as duck food. 



cultivated chufas. (Natural size ) 

When possible the land where planting is 
intended should be broken up and freed 
from weeds. Plant the tubers just be- 
neath the surface in spring. 

Wild Millet. 

VALUE AS DUCK FOOD. 

Wild millet (Echinochloa crus-galli) 
is an important tood for ducks in widely 
separated regions of the United States. 
At Mud Lake, Ark., the writer found 



12 



THE GAME BREEDER 



seeds of this plant to constitute more eron, La., over 75 per cent, of the diet 
than 10 per cent, of the food of the 41 of a collection of 50 ducks of the same 




Fig. it. — Part of fruiting head of wild millet. (Natural size.) 

mallards collected; at Belle Isle, La., it species. Pintails, teal, and other shoal- 
made up more than half of the food of water ducks are almost equally fond of 
the few mallards examined, and at Cam- it. Geese eat the stems and leaves of the 



THE GAME BREEDER 



13 



plant, as also do ducks when they are 
hard pressed. Testimony as to the value 
of the plant has come from Wisconsin 
and Oregon, and the Biological Survey 
has found seeds of wild millet in duck 
stomachs from Massachusetts, South 
Dakota, Missouri, and Nebraska in addi- 
tion to the States above mentioned. 

The plant is popularly known through- 
out lower Louisiana as wild rice and is 
given about the same rank as a duck 



spiny appearance (fig. 11). The inner 
scale of the- chaff terminates in a spine 
which is always stouter and longer than 
the others. This spine or awn may be 
very short or it may be from 2 to 3 
inches long or more, surpassing by many 
times the length of the seed. One of the 
other scales also may bear a long spine at 
the tip. The prickly character of the 
seed coverings is referred to in the name 
cockspur grass. The longer awns in par- 




Fig. 12 — Fruiting heads of wild millet. (One-third natural size.) 



food as the plant (Zizania aquatica) 
known by that name in the north. Other 
popular names referring to the prefer- 
ence of wild fowl for the plant are goose 
grass and blue duck food. 

DESCRIPTION OF PLANT. 

Wild millet is a coarse, leafy grass 
which grows from 1 to 6 feet in height. 
The stems and foilage are not especially 
remarkable, but the fruiting head has 
characters which enable us easily to dis- 
tinguish this from other species of native 
grasses The chaff or outer seed cover- 
ings is set with rows of short, stiff, out- 
standing spines. These project beyond 
the general outline of the body of the 
seeds and give them an easily visible 



ticular and sometimes the whole fruiting 
heads may have a deep purplish color. 
This, no doubt, suggested the name blue 
duck food used in the Mississippi Delta. 
The long-awned form lias been given the 
varietal name longearistata but for pres- 
ent purposes we may consider all the 
types illustrated in figures 11 and 12 un- 
der the same name. It is probable als:> 
that the form named Echinochloa waited 
is fully connected with crus-galli by in- 
tergrades, and deserves only varietal 
rank. This form has the lower or all 
leaf sheaths rough hispid. 

DISTRIBUTION. 

The northern limit of the range of 
wild millet SO far as known to us does 



14 



THE GAME BREEDER 



not much surpass the latitude of the thickly in spring. Once established, the 
northern boundary of the United States, plant will take care of itself. The nearer 
From there the plant ranges indefinitely to water it is planted the more available 



to the southward, occurring generally in 
rich moist soils or swamps at least to 
Central America. 

PROPAGATION. 

Wild millet is easily cultivated and re- 
seeds itself. It requires a moist and pre- 
ferably a rich soil, such as the edge of a 
marsh or lake, and it will grow in water 
at least a foot in depth. Break up the 
soil (mainly for the purpose of discour- 
aging other plant growth) and sow 



it will be for duck food. It is a splen- 
did plant to use for low lands that are 
flooded in winter. 

The seeds are sold by most seedsmen 
under the name barnyard grass. A va- 
riety has been widely advertised as Jap- 
anese barnyard millet or billion-dollar 
grass. The plant is also known as cock- 
spur grass and sour grass. It may be 
cultivated in any part of the United 
States having the proper soil conditions. 



To be Continued. 



MARKABLE PHEASANT BREEDING. 

An Amateur's Story. 

By Henry B. Bigelow. 

[The following instructive story about pheasant breeding should interest our readers 
much. The pheasants, reared at a cost of 35 cents each, easily can be sold in the New York 
market for $2.50 each as soon as the laws are amended to permit the Massachusetts breeders 
to do what New York breeders are doing— i. e., market the food in the best market. Our 
shooting readers will be interested in the comment on the pheasant as a sporting bird and the 
covers where it thrives in Massachusetts. — Editor.] 





My experience with pheasants has been 
as follows : The matter of chief interest, 
perhaps, is the cost. In my case there 
was no question of hiring a game-keeper; 
the pheasants had to take their chances 
with the other poultry, and neither I nor 
my man knew anything about handling 
them. 

I bought three hens and a cock (Ring- 
necks) from which I had about 120 eggs; 
then by purchase and from friends I 
secured enough more eggs to bring the 
total to two hundred and twenty-two 
eggs. These we set under ordinary hens 
during May and the first part of June. 
The chicks hatched before June 1 all 
died of cold; of the others we raised 
sixty-five to the liberating age, five 
weeks, i. e., about twenty-five per cent. 
I have done worse with hens ! 

As to food. I bought Spratts little book 
on pheasant breeding (25 cents) and 
followed directions, but our success was 
due chiefly to insect food. Early in the 
game, we found that the chicks would eat 



gypsy moth caterpillars and after that 
we fed them largely with the result that 
there was practically no death rate, so 
long as the caterpillars and pupae were 
available. Incidentally, the chicks cleared 
the birches in their yard of caterpillars. 

iWhen five weeks old the broods were 
taken out with their foster mothers to 
places here and there, the old hens still 
in their coops. I had supposed we would 
have to feed the pheasants for some 
time ; but to my surprise the young birds 
were self-supporting almost at once, 
feeding in the rye and asparagus fields. 
After this they were fed no more, but 
shifted for themselves. 

The total cost, excluding the price of 
the stock birds and wire netting, was 
thirty-five cents per bird liberated; in- 
cluding these items, about seventy cents. 
But, of course, I need buy no more stock 
birds or netting for this year. 

Now that we have our pheasants at 
liberty, the question is, was it worth 
while ? This hinges on whether the pheas- 




THE GAME BREEDER 



15 



ant is a good game bird or not. To me 
it is of no interest whether or not driven 
pheasants are hard shooting as I do not 
drive. But I can say, without hesitation, 
that the pheasant was a great addition 
to my game bag. He can not, of course, 
be compared with the ruffed grouse, but 
the latter is in a class by himself. 

The Ring-necked pheasant is not a 
woodland bird but a marsh bird in his 
native country; and it is in rough river 
meadows where he can make incursions 
for food into farm land, that he is at 
his best here. On our wet meadows, a 
pheasant or a snipe is about equally 
likely to jump from before your pointing 
dog. When the "bottom" is open he runs 
but in dense cover (i. e., tall thick matted 
grass) he lies like a rock, and we often 



find them in matted thickets of roses, 
elders, etc. 

Of course, he is large and compara- 
tively easy to hit in the open, but no 
more so than quail which give more easy 
shots in the open, more difficult ones in 
the brush, than other game birds. Fin- 
ally, the pheasant, does not winter-kill 
if he has enough to eat, and he is a very 
good bird on the table. In Massachu- 
setts he seems to lengthen out the season 
providing some sport before and after 
partridges, woodcock and quail can be 
killed. On the whole he seems to me 
well worth while on the right ground. 
But to raise pheasants where the range 
is all pasture fields and bare woods is a 
waste of time and money, as they won't 
stay there."* 



THE EASTPORT ROD AND GUN CLUB. 

By Albert Schwebke. 

[This is the eighth of a series of an hundred articles about game farms and preserves 
associated with The Game Conservation Society and conducted by readers of The Game 
Breeder. The Eastport Rod and Gun Club, like the Middle Island Association, described in 
the March number of this magazine, is engaged in the good work of protecting our native 
grouse, quail and rabbits in a practical manner. They have excellent shooting every year and 
the game is increasing in numbers. A law prohibiting quail shooting on Long Island would 
put an end to the industry and would result in the extermination of the quail and other game. 
—Editor.] 

There are about five thousand acres grounds with quail and rabbits. The 
of farm and woodland in the preserve editor of The Game Breeder was instru- 
of the Eastport Rod and Gun Club. Our mental in procuring quail for Mr. Jantzer 
game birds, for the most part are quail, from Kansas, and from time to time rab- 
ruffed grouse, and some woodcock. The bits were purchased and liberated, 
first two named are abundant. There One year Mr. Jantzer purchased a lot 

are also many cotton-tailed rabbits and of varying hares — the big northern rab- 
some jack-rabbits, and the club has ex- bits which turn white in winter — and 
cellent rabbit shooting during the season, these were turned down on the preserve. 
It was through the efforts of the late This experiment, however, did not prove 
Mr. George Jantzer that our club was to be successful and none of the northern 
organized and chartered in 1904, and he hares were found or shot during the open 
was its president for seven years and season although especial efforts were 
worked industriously to restock the made to find them, with good rabbit dogs. 

The common rabbit and the big jack-rab- 
bits from the western plains thrive and 
multiply although many are shot every 
season. 

The quail shooting is excellent and 
the birds to-day are more plentiful than 
ever before, although the shooting has 



♦The Spratts Book (25 cents) on Pheasant 
Breeding referred to is published by The 
Spratts Patent Ltd., Newark, New Jersey, 
whose advertisement appears in the magazine. 
The use of maggots is advised in the book but 
where insects are plentiful they are the best 
food for young birds in connection with the 
foods made by the Spratts. 



16 



THE GAME BREEDER 



been good ever since the first stock birds 
were liberated. It is not unusual to flush 
8 or 10 covies of birds during a short 
day's shooting and also a lot of ruffed 
grouse which are often called "part- 
ridges" on the island. A few big fall 
wood-cock and the two rabbits named 
above lend a pleasing variety to the bag, 
and it is not difficult for those who shoot 
well to get the bag-limit daily. 

There is much heavy cover, including 
scrub-oaks and briars, and many chances 
for difficult shots occur during a short 
ramble; there are fine stubbles and weed 
fields and orchards where the shots at 
the covies and at the fleeting cotton- 
tails are more easy. 

Some years ago the Pointer Club held 
' Its field trials on our grounds and it was 
largely due to some remarkable work on 
ruffed Grouse that Merry Girl won her 
derby. Bismark, another winner, had to 
do some splendid work on quail in the 
open to offset his getting beyond control 
and being fairly lost on points in the 
brush. 

There are many picturesque old roads 
through the woods, and in places the 
ground is sufficiently elevated to enable 
the sportsman to obtain fine views of the 
bay, the outlying beach and the wide 
ocean beyond, dotted with shipping out- 
bound or headed inward towards New 
York. 

Although there is no duck shooting 
within the limits of the preserve it is an 
easy matter to make an excursion to the 
bay after ducks, from the Bayside Hotel 
which is the club headquarters. The 
bay shooting — which includes red-heads, 
scaups or broad-bills, geese, and other 
migratory wild foul, — often is excellent 
and good guides, with boats, decoy, etc., 
can be secured at the hotel. 

During the season bay-snipe shooting 
often is good and there are some excel- 
lent snipe bogs on the beach-side where 
fine bags of jack-snipe often are made 
when the flight of these birds is on. 

The annual dues of the club are fifteen 
dollars. The initiation fee is ten dollars. 
The membership is limited to twenty- 
five. The club revenues are expended 



for warden fees, shooting leases, trap- 
ping, restocking and feeding the game. 
No game keeper is employed. There is 
only one warden who lives on the ground 
and looks after the club's interest. 

The game has steadily increased in 
numbers and last season all of the mem- 
bers had good shooting. ' Like most of 
the other clubs we have a trap for trap- 
shooting and often members visit the 
club in the spring and summer for a 
week-end practice shoot at the traps. 
Sometimes friendly matches are shot. 

The club members have an arrange- 
ment with the Bayside Hotel, which is 
located on the ground, under which they 
pay $2.00 per day for board and lodg- 
ing. 

The rooms are comfortable and the 
meals are good, there being an excellent 
market at hand for all sea foods and 
good gardens connected with the hotel. 

Members are permitted to invite guests 
during the shooting season and many 
picturesque groups of rabbit and quail 
shooters have been photographed on the 
porch of "The Bayside" and in the fields 
and woods. 

The shooting is good in the immediate 
vicinity of the hotel but parties often 
drive out to more distant parts of the 
preserve where the warden can show 
them some good ruffed grouse shooting. 

Many little swampy thickets give the 
merry beagles all they can attend to and 
it is not unusual for them to flush and 
send out a grouse or wood-cock with 
the fleeting bunny. 

The sportsman can leave New York 
by rail late in the afternoon, have a 
good dinner at the Bayside and be pre- 
pared for an early start for the fields 
the next morning. It is an easy trip 
by automobile over good roads all the 
way to the preserve. As I heard the 
Editor of The Game Breeder say not 
long ago: "Fortunate is the man who 
is in good standing in the Eastport Rod 
and Gun Club." 



Prices now are about one-half what 
they will be later. Only the best deal- 
ers advertise in The Game Breeder. 



f 



THE GAME BREEDER 



17 



QUAIL LOSSES. 

Climate; Farm Machinery; Wires. 

By Dwight W. Huntington. 



The ground and winged enemies of 
quail and the methods of controlling 
them were discussed in the two preced- 
ing numbers of the magazine. Often 
there are some additional losses due to 
climate, "farm machinery, and wires. 
Where these are controlled or prevented 
even partially the shooting will be much 
improved. 

Darwin says, "Climate plays an im- 
portant part in determining the average 
number of a species, and periodical sea- 
sons of extreme cold or drought seem 
to be the most effective of all checks. I 
estimated (chiefly from the greatly re- 
duced numbers of nests in the spring) 
that the winter of 1854-5 destroyed four- 
fifths of the birds in my own grounds; 
and this is a tremendous destruction, 
when we remember that ten per cent, is 
an extraordinarily severe mortality from 
epidemics with man. The action of cli- 
mate seems at first sight to be quite in- 
dependent of the struggle for existence ; 
but in so far as climate chiefly acts in 
reducing food, it brings on the most 
severe struggle between the individuals, 
whether of the same or of distinct 
species, which subsist on the same kind 
of food. Even when climate — for in- 
stance, extreme cold — acts directly, it 
will be the least vigorous individuals, or 
those which have got least food through 
the advancing winter which will suffer 
most. 

That climate often acts directly in a 
most destructive manner to check the in- 
crease of our partridges or quails (the 
strongest as well as the weak) is well 
known to sportsmen and naturalists. The 
ruffed grouse, which can live in trees 
during severe snowstorms, does not suf- 
fer nearly so much as the more terres- 
trial birds do. The quail on one of my 
favorite shooting grounds in Northern 
Ohio were nearly exterminated one win- 
ter by a heavy snow when an icy crust 
was formed which imprisoned the birds 
until they were either frozen or starved 



to death. On ground, where year after 
year we had found the birds so plenti- 
ful that it was an easy matter to bag 
from 50 to 100 birds in a day, I only 
found one small covey during several 
days' shooting over excellent dogs, the 
season after the severe winter. This de- 
struction has occurred periodically, not 
only in Ohio, but also in all of the North- 
ern States and many laws have been 
enacted protecting the birds for a period 
of years in order that they might not be 
wholly exterminated. 

In places where the birds are properly 
looked after, such losses can be avoided 
largely and those willing to protect the 
birds on their lands should not be pro- 
hibited from shooting or even selling 
them, since it is a somewhat expensive 
matter to feed and care for the birds, 
and no one can .be expected to attend 
to these matters properly if shooting be 
prohibited or if the bag limit be made 
very small. 

It is well known that the birds are 
far more plentiful when the winters are 
mild and open than they are when the 
winters are cold and the snows are deep. 
It is due to a favorable climate very 
largely that the quail always are more 
abundant in many of the Southern States 
than they are in the North. They are, 
however, most abundant, even in the 
South, on the great quail preserves where 
thousands of birds are shot annually, 
because their natural enemies are con- 
trolled by skilled game keepers. 

The losses due to climate, even in the 
most severe winters, can be largely over- 
come by providing shelters for the birds; 
by feeding them in such places, and by a 
persistent war on their natural enemies 
at this season when the game is most ex- 
posed to the vermin which is sadly in 
need of it for its own subsistence. 

Every field inhabited by quail should 
have one or more shelters, the number 
depending upon the size of the field and 
the abundance of the birds. Since the 



18 THE GAME BREEDER 

quail usually frequent certain parts of without heat, but their wings should be 

a field the shelters might well be placed clipped to prevent them from flying 

in or near such places. Various forms against windows or against the walls or 

of shelter have been tried but very sim- ceiling. I once wintered a flock of quail 

pie structures made of brush, corn stalks, on the brick pavement of a city yard, 

old fence rails or other material will inclosed by brick walls, using an old 

afford ample protection, provided they pine box for a shelter. The quail were 

be so made as to keep the quail from fed on corn and I did not loose a bird ; 

being imprisoned in the snow. I am in fact, they were all in fine condition 

strongly in favor of building the shel- when spring came, and their wing feath- 

ters in or near a briar patch, since the ers having grown, they all flew over the 

briars are a great protection to the birds wall and escaped, 

against vermin. The losses, both of birds and eggs, 

A very good shelter can easily and often are excessive on farms where the 
quickly be made by leaning a row of crops are harvested by farm machinery, 
old fence rails against a fence and mak- There are countless records of nests be- 
ing a roof of brush or corn stalks on ing cut out ; of old birds and their young 
these rafters. A few large corn shocks and eggs being destroyed. The birds are 
opened up in the center and with a lot fond of nesting in fields of growing 
of brush and briars thrown down on grain and hay and unless the nests be 
rails or heavy sticks so placed about the found and protected — by leaving the 
shocks as to keep the brush roof above grain or grass about the nests uncut — 
the ground will make very attractive bad losses are sure to occur, 
and safe shelters and a fence of chicken The gray partridges of Europe which 
wire, with mesh large enough to permit have somewhat similar habits to our 
the birds to enter, erected so as to in- quails often are decimated by farm ma- 
close a small yard about the shelter, will chinery and losses occur sometimes on 
lend additional safety to the place, since even the best preserved areas, 
foxes do not like to enter wire en- Capt. Maxwell. says : "When the hay 
closures. is cut the beat-keeper is always ther-% 

Dr. Robert Morris informed me that working his dog in front of the mowing 

he had good results on his preserve in machine and doing all he can to save 

Connecticut from conical shelters with his birds. . . . The farmers and the 

cemented bottoms. The cement prevent- keepers live on the best of terms ; the 

ed the food, grit, and dust, which he keepers can do them many a good turn in 

places in the shelters, from being af- the year, and in return the farmers lend 

fected by the moisture from the ground us their aid when most required, study- 

and, later, freezing. Straw, hay or dead ing the interests of the game at all times, 

grass on such cement floors would, I be- and most materially forwarding our ef- 

lieve, make them more attractive. forts in a hundred different ways by 

As already suggested food, grit and looking after their dogs, cutting their 

road dust, sand or ashes, should be placed hay and corn with regard to the birds in 

in the shelters and the birds should be it, and keeping their men from disturb- 

fed in and near them daily before the ing the fences." 

time for heavy storms arrives. A good W. Barry, Esq., cited by Maxwell, 

keeper should know just how many says : "We suffer losses among our 

covies of birds he is wintering and he young birds from the machines in the 

should be able to find them all quickly in hay harvest. Here every fourth field is 

severe weather. a hay-field and cut, as a rule, during 

In northern regions, where the win- the last ten days of June. If the season 

ters always are long and cold, it is is a late one, as generally happens, most 

not a bad plan to trap the birds in some of the young birds are only a few days 

of the most exposed fields and to house old and probably unable to get out of 

them for the winter. They can be kept the way. The result is that enormous 

safely in rat-proof barns or rooms numbers are killed in spite of every pre- 



THE GAME BREEDER 



19 



caution. I get my farmers to leave the 
last acre, and the keepers cut it with 
scythes early the next morning; but if 
the night is hot or cold, and the old 
birds have not come back, many of the 
little ones die. It is very necessary to 
have keepers in the fields whilst they are 
being cut. Of course, if the farmers 
could be persuaded to begin cutting in 
the middle of the field and work out- 
wards all would be well, as the old birds 
would gradually lead the young ones to 
the outside ; but I have been quite unable 
to persuade my farmers to do this. Num- 
bers of old as well as young birds get 
killed or mutilated during the hay-cut- 
ting, and altogether I lose hundreds of 
birds during this fortnight."* 

To a certain extent I believe quail can 
be induced to nest in safe places. Un- 
doubtedly they like to nest beside an old 
stump or log overgrown with grass and 
briars, especially if there be a post or 
small tree near at hand where the cod; 
bird can perch and whistle to his mate. 
I believe it would pay to make some at- 
tractive nesting sites on the lines sug- 
gested in the center and at the sides of 
fields of grain and grass, and if a few 
blackberry briars or other berry bearing 
briars be planted the place would be es- 
pecially attractive and might well be se- 
lected as a nesting site. The experiment 
would not be expensive and I hope soon 
to give it a trial. 

When a nest is located in the grass or 
grain the cover about it should be left 
standing and the farmer should be com- 
pensated of course. 

Some birds are killed by flying against 
telegraph wires and wire fences, espe- 
cially where the wires are numerous, but 
such losses are comparatively slight. I 
have known many wild fowl to be killed 
by wires stretched across a marsh and 
woodcock, which fly by night, are more 
often killed by wires than quail are. 

The only way to prevent such destruc- 
tion is to decorate the wires with strips 
of cloth or other material to indicate 
their presence at dangerous points where 
losses are known to occur or to change 
the character of the fence. 



*Partridges and Partridge Manors 



The old-fashioned rail fences are by 
far the best for the quail preserve, since 
the birds will find their many angles 
filled with briars and weeds which afford 
both food and shelter; often nests are 
built in safe places beside such fences. 

While I was writing this article two 
game keepers came in to see me and I 
asked them if they had known of losses 
due to wires. Both said they had suffered 
such losses and one of them said he 
picked up a quail quite recently which 
had been killed by a wire fence. The 
other said when partridges were alarmed 
suddenly at night they sometimes flew 
against both telegraph wires and wire 
fences. Both agreed, however, that the 
losses due to vermin, to climate and to 
farm machinery were far greater than 
those due to wires. 

In concluding this series of papers 
about the various checks to the increase 
of the quails I wish again for emphasis 
to invite the reader's attention to the 
fact that the birds tendency to increase 
is marvellous. Darwin tells us that, 
"Grouse, if not destroyed at some period 
of their lives, would increase in count- 
less numbers." The same is true of 
quails or partridges. If some of the 
many losses be stopped, or if all of them 
be checked, even partially, the quail soon 
can be made abundant in every likely 
field and big numbers can be safely shot 
every season. 

Restrictive game laws have no effect 
on vermin, climate, or farm machinery. 
When they prohibit shooting they do a 
lot of harm in places where the quail 
might be looked after and made plenti- 
ful, since no one can be expected to do 
anything which does not pay. It is not 
worth while to look after the quail in 
States where shooting is prohibited ; it 
is not worth while to look after them 
in States where only a few can be shot 
in a season. While such legislation is 
well intended, there are evident reasons 
why it does not produce good results, 
and the breeders of quail should be ex- 
cepted from restrictions and encouraged 
to look after thtir game and keep it 
plentiful. 



20 



THE GAME BREEDER 




J. A. Tally, Quail Breeder. 



Mr. J. A. Tally, of Virginia, sending 
his portrait with quails here reproduced, 
writes : 

"I am new at the business and just 
happened to get these this fall. They 
were caught and raised from a day old 
and I happened to be out hunting last 
fall and heard about them and went by 
to see themi and I got them and put them 
in the window of my barber shop. They 
stayed there through the winter without 
even a wire to keep them in and I have 
them at home now. They are as fat and 
plump as any in the field. 

I can turn them out in the yard and 
they will feed like chickens! They are 
perfectly gentle and you can handle them 
any way as you can see from the picture 
The one on the right shoulder, also the 
one on the right of the table, looking at 
them, seem a little shy. They have only 
been in captivity since they were grown. 



I caught them when out shooting and put 
them with the tame ones ; they soon 
were as tame as the others. 

As you see I have three cocks and 
three hens. I am going to do my best to 
raise these birds on a large scale and I 
think it will be a nice business. I shall 
keep all I can rear this season to breed 
from next season." 

We hope Mr. Tally soon will be able to 
advertise quail and quail eggs for sale 
and we will guarantee to sell thousands 
at surprising prices. 

Quail eggs should bring $5.00 or $6.00 
per dozen, since duck and pheasant eggs 
sell for $3.00 per dozen and sometimes 
more. A quail should produce at least 
5 dozen eggs. Keep the Game Breeder 
and its readers posted as to what you 
are doing, Mr. Tally, and if you have 
any success at all you will be surprised 
at the results. 



THE GAME BREEDER 



21 



A CLEVER POACHER. 

By Nimrod. 



[The following story written by a gamekeeper was awarded first prize in a competition by 
The Gamekeepers Magazine.] 



A lot more summers have passed than 
I care to tell you of since I caught the 
poacher of whom I write this tale. He 
has now crossed the bourne, and will 
bother us keepers no more ; many a one 
gave a sigh of relief when they heard 
of his death. However, I shall never 
forget that autumn day as I stood 
amongst the mourners in that quiet coun- 
try churchyard and saw the remains 
lowered of one of the most noted poach- 
ers this country-side ever knew. It might 
well be said of him : "Far kenned and 
noted was his name." He did not con- 
fine himself to any given locality like 
most poachers, but would travel a long 
distance in a train, sometimes in all sorts- 
of disguises, for a night with his dog 
and hare-nets, or some nights he pre- 
ferred his gun when he thought the place 
safe for the time. 

I have known him shooting on the 
next moor to the lord of the manor on 
the Twelfth over his setter. Of course, 
he knew the keepers would be all en- 
gaged with his Lordship. In great glee 
he related the story to me months after- 
wards. I asked him how he was not 
afraid of the party hearing his shots. He 
told me it was a gey windy Twelfth, 
and besides, he had a sentinel on a point 
of vantage who could have given him 
the sign had anyone appeared coming in 
his direction. 

He was no ordinary poacher, as he 
took out game, gun, and dog licences 
in the proper season and laid his gun up 
on February 1. and would have laboured 
to masons or broken stones throughout 
the rest of the year. He made money 
at his calling too, and bought property 
in his native village. Therefore, you can 
imagine how pleased a keeper was when 
he could trap Jimmy and get him con- 
victed. I have still a vivid remembrance 



of that night when we caught him and 
another man; I say we, for I had the 
assistance of a neighbour keeper and the 
county policeman, the latter being the 
man who found out that the affray was 
coming off. A labourer had been en- 
gaged on one of the farms on my beat 
for the harvest month, coming from the 
same village as my friend Jimmy, and, 
of course, it had been arranged between 
them should partridges be rife on 
this farm that Jimmy would come down 
for a night with his "veil". Now one day 
a parcel came by post to this labourer, 
and, as the country postmistress was a 
bit of a gossip, she liked to know every- 
body's affairs in the parish. In fact, she 
was known to have done some dirty 
tricks to gain her end. No doubt she 
had torn a bit of the paper off this parcel 
to see the contents, when, lo and behold, 
what should meet her inquisitive eyes 
but a very fine partridge net, and, of 
course, she could not understand such a 
thing, so she told the policeman's wife 
next door and that worthy came to me. 
The upshot was we got permission from 
the farmer to search the man's belongings 
in the stable loft where he slept. We 
found the parcel alright, and also a letter 
arranging the night for operations. Well, 
the rest was plain sailing. We t'ook them 
red-handed on that ever-memorable night 
with eleven birds in their possession. 

But now for the audacity and cunning 
of our friend on the day of their trial. 
The county town from my place was a 
good distance, and to get there I had to 
go by train, and as there was only one 
train in the morning and one at night, 
Jimmy knew I would be away all day. 
When his name was called in court a 
stranger came forward and said Jimmy 
was laid up with influenza, but lie would 
plead guilty, and that he (the stranger) 



22 



THE GAME BREEDER 



would pay the fine, which he hoped his 
Lordship would make as easy as possible, 
which he did under the circumstances. 
But you can judge of my chagrin 
when on arriving home that night my 
wife told me a gentleman had been there 
for a day's partridge shooting, and when 
she told him I was away getting a notor- 
ious poacher tried, he said it was a great 
pity and hoped he would get his deserts. 
However, as the Duke had sent him 
down, he would just go out for a few 
brace. When I asked my wife what 



kind of a sport he was, she told me he 
was a little dapper kind o' a man, 
dressed in a knicker suit, and had a setter 
with him. Next morning I was told by 
the farmer where he had put up his horse 
and trap that if the gentleman was any- 
thing of a shot he must have made a 
good bag, as he had had a tremendous 
shooting. Yes, I found out the birds he 
took away had more than paid his fine. 
The cunning old beggar had rung the 
change on me that time. — Nimrod. 



THE GAME BREEDERS' PAGE. 



EARLY NESTING. 

Mr. E. A. Mcllhenny, of Louisiana, 
writes March 13 : "Both the blue winged 
teal and the black mallards are now 
nesting. The wardens on Marsh Island 
and the wardens on the Ward-Mdl- 
henny Preserve have reported to me in 
the last few days finding numbers of 
nests, some of them with complete 
clutches and incubation well advanced. 
I think this is the earliest record I have 
of these ducks breeding in Louisiana." 

Mr. Mcllhenny also says the mallards 
did not come South as usual this year 
probably on account of the warm winter. 



WATER-CRESS. 

One of our Wisconsin readers writes 
for information about water-cress as a 
food for wild fowl. He says: "I note 
on pp. "46-47 of Our Wild Fowl and 
Waders a reference made to an English 
writer who recommends water-cress for 
planting on pools and streams to be used 
for duck shooting. I would be pleased 
to hear further from you or any of your 
readers who have had experience with 
this plant." 

It so happened that two English game 
keepers were in the office when this let- 
ter came and both said the wild ducks 
were very fond of water-cress. We 
know of no place in America where it 
has been planted especially for wild 
ducks. Plants and seeds easily can be 



procured and it undoubtedly is an at- 
tractive food. 

We would be glad to hear from any 
of our readers who have water-cress. 



RUFFED GROUSE BREEDING. 

The success that the Association has 
met with in breeding ruffed grouse 
through the second generation has nat- 
urally called forth a great many inquiries 
on the subject. The letter reproduced 
below is from Mr. Charles W. Dimick, 
a member of the game farm committee. 
He has given himself heart and soul to 
this matter. He writes as follows : 

"We have not found it necessary to 
use ant eggs for the young grouse, as 
we have kept the chicks in a place where 
they were able to catch many insects. 
I should not feel it safe, however, to 
be without the ant eggs in case the in- 
sect crop should fail. 

"The grouse, as soon as hatched, 
should be so placed that they can get 
as much natural insect food as possible 
and must not be allowed to stay long 
enough in any location to be affected 
by their own dirt. The oftener they 
are moved, the better. 

"We have used the Spratt's chick food, 
which we soak in milk, and hard boiled 
eggs ground up with the shells. Most 
anything of the kind is good, but must 
be given in very small quantities. Most 



THE GAME BREEDER 



23 



of the deaths are caused by over-eating. 
Very few die of other causes. They never 
seem to get too many insects and rarely 
starve if fed nothing else. Much de- 
pends on the place where the birds are 
kept, and a reasonable amount of. com- 
mon sense is required naturally. I wish to 
make it most emphatic that over-feeding 
causes most of the troubles and lack of 
cleanliness the balance. 

"As you know, grouse leave the nest 
immediately on hatching, and are ever 
afterwards in a clean place. We must, 
to be successful, keep their surroundings 
absolutely clean or as near that as pos- 
sible. 

"I should not advise keeping of water 
continually in front of the young grouse, 
but would put it in fresh every after- 
noon about four o'clock, taking it out 
• at eight o'clock in the morning." — Bul- 
letin American Protective Association. 



the Owego Creek between here and New- 
ark Valley and they are working havoc 
with the trout, and I "fear that all the 
fine stocking we did last fall will go for 
naught if something is not done to rid 
the creek of them. 

Every open space of water and every 
spring hole all along the creek contains 
from six to ten of these fish eaters. What 
are they protected for anyway? 

Is it a possible thing for the commis- 
sion to grant a permit to a few of us 
sportsmen allowing us to clean up 
a few of them. A couple of days shoot- 
ing at them even would drive them away. 
Will you take it up with the commission 
at once and let me know. I will per- 
sonally guarantee that only sheldrakes 
will be shot at for the reason that there 
•is no other kind of duck on the creek." 



QUAIL AND -PHEASANTS. 

In an old letter, written in 1908, Mr. 
T. S. Ketcham, who was a game keeper 
at the Rassapreague Club, on Long Is- 
land, N, Y., says : "The pheasants that 
have come under my observation do not 
cause quail or grouse to leave the woods. 
I have known a flock of 30 or more, 
pheasants to stay in a small piece of 
cedars with a flock of 20 odd quail and 
stayed the entire season in the same 
place and apparently never molested each 
other. 

I have flushed 15 or 20 pheasants out 
of a small piece of buckwheat and a 
flock of fine quail right in the midst of 
them. 

Still we know the pheasant is a great 
fighter but I believe it to be wrong in- 
formation to think they drive quail out 
of the woods — my experience teaches 

me different. 

*■ 

SHELDRAKES AND TROUT. 

Fredk. J. Davis, of Owego, N. Y., 
wrote to Llewellyn Legge, Chief Game 
Protector, asking permission to shoot 
sheldrakes. His letter is as follows: 

"There are at least 300 sheldrakes on 



AN EGG HATCHING RACE. 

M. Brechemin, a French scientific 
poultry raiser, has just published the re- 
port of a chicken-raising contest in which 
he pitted three turkeys and three ordi- 
nary hens against an incubator. The 
race lasted three months. The prelimi- 
nary heat was won by the incubator, and 
in the final the artificial mother simply 
walked away from its natural competi- 
tors. The score was as follows : 

Eggs Chickens 
Brooded. Hatched. 

Hens 242 158 

Incubator 243 209 

Alive and well after three months:. 

Hens 75 

Incubator • • 194 

In other words, 79 per cent, of the 
eggs confided to the incubator turned out 
chickens, while only 31 per cent, of those 
intrusted to the turkeys and hens bore 
fruit. 

+■ — 

The Shooting Times and British 
Sportsman says : Winged game was not 
considered harmful at the time of the 
passage of the Ground Game act in Eng- 
land, — (which permits the grower of 
crops to destroy rabbits and hares in the 
interest of his crops) but now it has been 
discovered that winged game is harmful 
and the farmer is still further protect ed 
by recent legislation. 



24 



THE GAME BREEDER 



T*?f Game Breeder 

Edited by DWIGHT W. HUNTINGTON 

NEW YORK, APRIL, 1914 

TERMS: 

10 Cents a Copy — $1.00 a year in Advance. 

Postage free to all subscribers in the United States. 
To All Foreign Countries and Canada, $1.25. 

THE GAME CONSERVATION SOCIETY 

PUBLISHERS, 150 NASSAU ST., NEW YORK 

Telephone, Beekman 3685. 



A LONG SALES SEASON. 

The influence of The Game Breeder 
plainly may be observed in the legisla- 
tion at Albany. The Legislature, the 
Governor and the Conservation Commis- 
sion are to be congratulated upon the 
passage of the Jones law permitting the 
sale of pheasants, wild ducks and deer 
by breeders at all times. While we 
have suggested that no good reason could 
be assigned why the owners of desirable 
foods, produced by industry, should not 
sell their game at any time, the plat- 
form of the Game Conservation Society 
only calls for the sale of game at all 
times "except during the breeding sea- 
son." The Game Conservation Society 
adopted this platform in order to be in 
perfect harmony with the North Ameri- 
can Fish and Game Protective Associa- 
tion, the National Breeders' Association, 
The Game Breeders' Association and the 
other organizations which are interested 
in the "more game" movement, and 
which have adopted the resolution as it 
was first adopted by the Breeders' As- 
sociation. It is an old axiom, however, 
that the greater includes the less; we 
would have been fully satisfied with an 
open market for eight months, we have 
no fault to find with a twelve months' 
market. Truly great encouragement 
was given by sensible lawmakers to the 
game breeders ! It is evident they are 
getting busy. Those who advertise re- 
port that they cannot fill all of their 
orders. 



A REMARKABLE PERFORM- 
ANCE. 

A number of the States have enacted 
breeders' laws encouraging the breeding 
of game for the market. The best mar- 
ket, of course, is New York City. 

Breeders in New York State can sell 
their game in the best market. 

English, French, German and other 
foreign breeders can sell their game in 
New York. 

Why should New York exclude such 
desirable food coming from Massa- 
chusetts and other States provided it be 
legally produced and shipped by and 
with the authority of the State game 
officers of the States where it is pro- 
duced ? 

We presented this important matter 
to Governor Glynn when he invited us 
to attend a conservation meeting held 
in his office. The Governor evidently 
referred the matter to the Conservation 
Commission. 

Recently we have seen a copy of a let- 
ter, written by Mr. Van Kennen, chair- 
man of the Conservation Commission, 
to Governor Glynn. The copy was for- 
warded by the Governor to Mr. Car- 
man, a Massachusetts breeder residing 
in New York. 

In his letter to. the Governor Mr. Van 
Kennen admits that certain game reared 
in New York can be sold. He admits 
that similar species of game shipped 
from foreign countries can be sold in 
New York, and he continues as follows : 

"It is true, as stated by Mr. Carman, that 
New York City furnishes the best market for 
the sale of game birds of this kind; and at 
first thought, it might appear that there is no 
good reason why the law should not permit 
the importation and sale of pheasants bred in 
captivity in the State of Massachusetts, when 
the sale of practically the same species of birds 
is allowed when imported from abroad. The 
argument, however, is made with much force 
that, if pheasants are permitted to be imported 
from adjacent states of the Union, it will re- 
sult in the destruction of birds in those states." 

Who made the forceful (?) argu- 
ment? 

We will be glad to print the brief if 
there is one. 

Not a word was said on this point at 
the hearing. We desire to ask Mr. Van 



THE GAME BREEDER 



25 



Kennen : Did any State game officers 
request that his Commission favor the 
opening of the New York market to 
their people, on the same terms granted 
to foreigners? 

We believe they did. 

The only ground for the refusal to 
permit the sale of desirable foods pro- 
duced by the industry of citizens of sis- 
ter States appears to be a fear that some 
of the wild creatures in other States 
might find their way to the table. In 
other words, the people of New York 
must be denied desirable foods because 
of the interest of the State game officer 
in wild creatures beyond his jurisdiction. 
His fears do not appear to be well 
founded. 

Should not the State game officers of 
other States who offer to identify the 
game legally produced by their people 
before it is shipped, and who offer to 
superintend the shipping, be the best 
judges as to what will happen to any 
Chinese pheasants or other birds which 
may be roaming at large in their States? 

We think that Mr. Van Kennen in 
submitting his opinion on this highly im- 
portant matter to the Governor should 
not have forgotten to mention the re- 
quests of other State game officers. 

The Governor appeared quickly to 
grasp the point and to understand the 
situation at the hearing. Unaided, un- 
doubtedly he would have handled the 
matter in a business like manner. 

It is fair to say that Commissioner 
Van Kennen expressed to the writer the 
additional fear that New York breeders 
might be opposed to the admission of 
game shipped from other States. 

We promptly answered this : 
First, by assuring the commissioner 
that there would be no complaint from 
our readers, the New York breeders ; 
secondly, by pointing out the wrong done 
to the game farmers of other States, pro- 
vided the food producers in New York 
should be able to persuade a State officer 
to prohibit the marketing of similar 
foods coming, legally, from other States. 
We believe the Governor should call 
for the correspondence which was not 
submitted to him, evidently, when Mr. 



Van Kennen forwarded his important 
opinion. 

We would like to know if the Conser- 
vation Commission passed on this highly 
important matter, or if Mr. Van Ken- 
nen simply disposed of it without con- 
sulting his colleagues. We had formed 
such a good opinion of them that it 
seems hard for us to believe they would 
concur in what seems to us to be a wrong 
conclusion. 

— ■» 

THE PROPAGATION OF ALL 
SPECIES. 

The new Jones law provides for the 
propagation of all species of game and 
game fish upon the payment of a fee of 
$1.00. Often we have insisted that it 
was foolish to encourage only the breed- 
ing of foreign fowls and certain wild 
ducks and deer which are in no danger 
of being extirpated. Often we have in- 
sisted that we should encourage the pro- 
duction of our indigenous game in the 
same way we encouraged the breeding 
of foreign fowls. 

The new law is a step in the right 
direction, but it does not go far enough. 
Upon the payment of a dollar for a 
license anyone can propagate any species 
of game or fish. But then what? Can 
the owner shoot his game or catch his 
fish? 

As a matter of fact, under the old 
law, which the section we now refer to 
is intended to remedy, no one could 
have gray partridges or quail in his pos- 
session even for propagation. The peo- 
ple, however, seemed to regard this as 
a mistake and at all events thousands 
of gray partridges were imported annu- 
ally and went to their new homes with- 
out anyone being jailed. This was great- 
ly to the credit of a good State depart- 
ment and in striking contrast to the old 
fashion of arresting people if they had 
a bird with a broken wing which they 
were trying to heal or if they received 
presents of game sent from abroad, etc. 

No sensible game officer could be found 
to arrest any one for having game in 
his possession for propagation, provided 
he obtained it legally and, of course, an 
absurd law became a dead one. It evi- 
dently needed amendment. 



26 



THE GAME BREEDER 



THE WORK OF OUR READERS. 

Mr. W. A. Lucas, one of our readers, 
sends a letter in which he claims credit 
for the recent amendment to the game 
laws, permitting the possession of food 
quadrupeds, birds and fishes for propaga- 
tion and their sale for such purpose. Mr. 
Lucas says Assemblyman James S. Ed- 
dy had this bill introduced in the Sen- 
ate and that it passed the house and was 
signed by the Governor. Mr. Lucas also 
expresses the hope that : "The Game 
Breeder will be careful and not claim the 
honor for the passage of this chapter. 
The writer will be aggrieved if The 
Game Breeder claims the honor itself." 

The Game Breeder is an educator. It 
is well pleased and contented to create 
a sentiment and to set the pace, as it 
were, for commonsense legislation on the 
lines of the law referred to by Mr. 
Lucas. We are glad to have our readers 
take an interest and run to the State 
Capitols to secure the needed amend- 
ments suggested by the magazine. The 
editor only was in Albany a few times 
last winter and The Game Breeder will- 
ingly gives credit to Mr. Lucas for all 
he did. There shall be no occasion for 
his being "aggrevied." We believe Mr. 
McCormick, chief of the New York City 
office of the Conservation Commission, 
is entitled to some credit. There are 
others, no doubt. There were two bills : 
the Sanner bill in the Senate and the 
Jones bill in the Assembly. It was the 
Jones bill which became a law. These 
bills were much alike and were favored 
by the State Game Department. There 
is honor enough for all. 

Only a few game breeders' laws of 
a general character have been written in 
the office of The Game Breeder ; only a 
few of the Game Breeders' Associations, 
which now have game in abundance, 
actually originated here. Often our read- 
ers write for advice and help in secur- 
ing the laws and in forming the asso- 
ciations ; often we urge them to get busy 
and point out the many benefits game 
breeders have — the long season, the big 
bags of game, the freedom from arrest, 
etc. We are always. glad to give readers 
credit for any good work. We are 
aware that the magazine is a power in 



the land only because its readers make 
it strong; and, incidentally, we often 
suggest that they purchase only from 
those who advertise, because the adver- 
tisers also contribute something to our 
educational campaign funds. 

We shall count on our readers to help 
when we again try to open the New 
York markets to game coming from 
Rhode Island and other states, big and 
small. Our best bet is that this legisla- 
tion is coming although it has seemed 
to be a long time on the way. We wish 
our readers to help take the quail from 
the song bird list in several states and 
to restore quail shooting everywhere. 

The only claim The Game Breeder 
makes is that its influence often seems 
to be reflected in the legislation of many 
states. We have always believed this 
was due to our many readers, some of 
whom are willing to let us know just 
what they have done. 

. » 

CORRESPONDENCE. 

Editor Game Breeder: 

I agree with you, that with the de- 
mand in the local market for deer, ducks, 
pheasants, etc., at their present prices, 
game breeding should prove a profitable 
occupation in New York State, and 
much of the unused and unproductive 
land at the present time could be used 
for such purposes and net good returns 
to those making investments. 

You are a persistent worker for the 
benefit and justice of sport, and should 
be encouraged for what you have and 
will accomplish in that line. 

W. G. Lynch. 
New York. 

Editor Game Breeder: 

I dont think they need any closed 
season on quail. In feeding them I found 
more quail than I ever found before. 

Harvey Griffen. 
Hauppauge, L. I., N. Y. 

Editor Game Breeder: 

The magazine is fine; just the kind of 
a paper that we want. I have read every 
word of it. I will do some advertising 
with you later. 

S. A. Price. 
New York. 



THE GAME BREEDER 



27 



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* 

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• 
* 

• 
• 



»*»- 



-*»- 



-*»- 



-*»- 



-*»- 



►*»- 



-*»- 



-*»- 



»*»- 



-*»- 



-*»- 



i 





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28 THE GAME BREEDER 



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THE GAME BREEDER 29 



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30 



THE GAME BREEDER 




Pennsylvania Pheasantry and Game Park 

I carry the largest stock in America of live 
game birds, ornamental birds and quadrupeds. 

Hungarian Partridges 

I am prepared to fill the largest orders 
for these birds and for years I have filled 
practically all of the large State orders for both 
\^p^>V ^=*^- Partridges and Pheasants. 

Pheasants 

My Pheasant pens hold thousands of 
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Mallards, Black Duck, Teal, Wood Duck Pintails and other species 

can be supplied in large numbers at at- 
tractive prices. Also Mandarins and all 
other water fowl. 

Wild Turkeys 

I am now the largest breeder and 
dealer in Wild Turkeys and can supply 
these birds in good numbers to State 
Departments and preserve owners. 





I carry the largest stock in America of ornamental birds and animals. My ponds now contain nearly 200 best 
Royal Swans of England. I have fine lot of the beautiful pink FLAMINGOES and the very large European 
PELICANS. Also STORKS, CRANES. PEAFOWL, fancy GEESE and DUCKS. My pheasant pens contain over 
a thousand Ringneck and fancy PHEASANTS. All stock is kept under practically natural conditions. I have 60 acres 
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Orders booked during summer. 

I have for years filled .practically all the large State Orders and have better 
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Write me before buying elsewhere — it will pay you to do so. Your visit solicited. 
I am only 60 miles from New York and 30 miles from Philadelphia. 

WM. J. MACKENSEN 

Department V. YARDLEY, BUCKS COUNTY, PA. 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game: 



THE GAME BREEDER 



31 




Wild Water Fowl 

"Our Specialties." 

Wood Ducks, Mandarins, Wild Black 
Mallards for stocking game preserves 
and English Mallard Decoy Ducks, 
$5.00 the pair. Safe delivery guaranteed. 
500 Canada Wild Geese, $8.00 to $10.00 per 
pair. Australian, South American, Car- 
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Ducks, guaranteed Callers and Breeders, 
$4.00 per pair. Eggs, 15 for $2.00. Mal- 
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them. For prices of other wild fowl apply 
to 

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Chincoteague Island, Virginia 



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and rabbit shooting. Pheasants and ducks are also being 
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In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: ' Yours for More Game. 



MCZ ERNST MAYR LIBRARY 




3 2044 118 637 115 



32 



THE GAME BREEDER 



Wants, For Sale and Exchange 



Announcements inserted under this head in small type 
for 2C. per word. If displayed in heavy type, 5c. per 
word. No advertisement accepted for less than 30c. 
Postage stamps accepted in payment. 

THE GAME BREEDER 
150 Nassau Street, New York City 



DEER, WILD GEESE AND OTHER GAME BIRDS. 
WARREN R. LEACH, Rushville, Illinois. 

PHEASANTS— The Silas Rich Pheasanty, Salem.Oregon. 

QUAIL, PARTRIDGES, WILD FOWL, DEER AND 
other animals. See display advertisement in this issue. 
WM. J. MACKENSEN, Proprietor Pennsylvania Pheas- 
antry and Game Park. 

WILD GEESE. DUCKS, SWANS, ETC SEE Dis- 
play advertisement in this issue. WHEALTON WILD 
WATER-FOWL FARMS, Chincoteague Island, Va. 

WILD TURKEYS — For prices see display advertisement 
in this issue. W. J. MACKENSEN, Yardley, Bucks 
County, Pa. 

POSITION' WANTED AS SUPERINTENDENT of 
large estate or game preserve by a professional forester 
and gamekeeper. Very capable man with fish and game' 
production of all kinds; also breeding and training 
sporting dogs Excellent trapper. Highly recommended. 
Address SUPERINTENDENT, care of The Game Breed- 
er, 150 Nassau Street, New York. 

CHINESE PHEASANTS BY THE HUNDREDS FOR 
stocking preserves. Liberal discount on orders booked 
for the Fall delivery. Safe arrival guaranteed. THE 
RICH PHEASANTRY, Salem, Ore. 

FOR SALE— Pheasants, partridges and other game. 
LOEWITH, LARSEN & CO., 150 Nassau St., N. Y. 
City. 

FOR SALE— Pheasants and eggs. Everything in the 
pheasant family. Pamphlet witn order free. BUCK- 
WOOD PHEASANTRIES, Dunfield, Warren Co., New 
Jersey. dot) 

HEAD GAMEKEEPER, SCOTCH, WANTS SITUA- 
tion. Thoroughly experienced in rearing pheasants, 
wild ducks, turkeys and partridges; 26 years' experien e. 
Can be highly recommended. R J. M., care of The Game 
Breeder 150 Nassau Street, New York. 

FOR SALE.— WILD DUCKS AND GEESE. MAL- 
lards, Pintail, Snow Geese, White-Fronts, Canadas, 
for propagating and scientific purposes, at reasonable 
prices. AH birds in good condition. Write GEO. J. 
KLEIN, Ellinwood, Kansas. 

FOR SALE, TWENTY PAIRS FULL-GROWN 
Mated Ostriches. THE GOLDEN STATE OSTRICH 
FARM, Oakland, Calilornia. 

EGGS FOR SALE FROM AS HIGH CLASS FOWL 
as money can buy. A few brood hens for sale, $10 
per trio. Eggs, $2.50 per 1 5. CALE SMITH and W . 
P. BACH, Bluemont, Va. 

WILD CELERY, FOXTAIL GRASS SEED AND 
other duck food. Success certain. Bay bird shooting 
August. September and October. Like it was thirty years 
ago at Cape Cod and Long Islano. Ducks, geese and 
swan shooting in season. All kinds winged wild fowl. 
R. B. WHITE, Waterlily, Currituck County, N. C. 

GAMEKEEPER REQUIRES SITUATION. UNDER- 
stands all duties.. Best references from Europe and 
this country. Address M. F.. care of The Game Breeder, 
150 Nassau Street, New York. 

FOR SALE— PURE BRED HAND-RAISED WILD 
Mallard Ducks, good fliers, at a bargain. C. C. 
PALMER, Gilman, Illinois. 



BEARHOUNDS, IRISH WOLFHOUNDS, BLOOD- 
HOUNDS. Fox, deer cat and lion hounds. Trained 
and young stock. 50-page illustrated catalogue 5-cent 
stamp. ROOKWOOD KENNELS, Lexington, Ky. 

SITUATION AS GAME KEEPER. AN EXPERI- 
enced Wild Duck and Pheasant Breeder. Has had 
good success in hatching wild ducks in incubator. 
O. W., care of The Game Breeder, 150 Nassau Street, 
New York. 

A FINE SOUTHERN QUAIL SHOOT FOR RENT 
cheap, about 5000 acres. Suitable for 10 or so guns. 
Shooting rights, 10 cents per acre. Quail abundant. 
Write for particulars to C T. YOUNTS, care of The 
Game Breeder, 150 Nassau Street, New York. 

WANTED— SITU ATI ON AS FOREsTER AND 
Gamekeeper Thoroughly understands the breeding of 
American and European deer and all sorts of game birds. 
Expert in forest culture ; laid out the largest game pre- 
serve in State of New York. Life experience as forester 
and gamekeeoer German ; married ; best of references. 
Address FORESTER AND GAMEKEEPE-R, P. O. Box 
102, Shrewsbury, New Jersey. 

AN ENGLISH GAMEKEEPER SEEKS SITUATION 
in America ; young son could assist. Life experience in 
all duties of rearing pheasants, partridges and wild ducks, 
also well ut> in breaking sporting dogs and trapping of 
vermin. Have lived where large head of game has been 
raised. Can show three years' reference last place ; seven 
previous. Tall, aged 40, married. Apply R. S. BRANT, 
Milton Heights, Ontario, Canada. 

FOR SALE— PHEASANTS AND EGGS-FIVE VA- 
rieties. S. V. REEVES, Haddonfield, N. J. 

FOR SALE-WILD MALLARD DUCK EGGS at 

reasonable price. W. C. MATTHEWS, Wilmington, 
Delaware. 

GAME KEEPER — WAVTS SITUATION. GOOD 
references. J. E., care of Game Breeder, 150 Nassau 
Street, New York. 

CORRESPONDENCE WANTED WITH PRACTI- 
cal man, preferably one who knows western game 
breeding conditions, with view of forming partnership. 
Will invest from $25000 to $900.00 and expect equal in- 
vestment, in cash, equipment or stock. Money versus 
experience, no go. Prefer mild and dry climate, with 
location in or near city Interested in game, fur-bearing 
animals, or fish. Financial responsibility must be assured. 
Address MAC, care of The Game Breeder, 150 Nassau St., 
New York. 

WANTED -SITUATION AS GAMEKEEPER.— 
Thoroughly understands the rearing of pheasants, par- 
tridges, wild fowl and all other game. Address TOM 
NASH, care of The Game Breeder, rso Nassau Street, 
New York. 

I WILL RETURN TO AMERICA SOON AND RE- 
start a kennel for the developing and training of shoot- 
ing dogs or will entertain offer of. engagement to take 
charge of Club Kennel. As to my ability and exoerience 
in this line Mr Dwlght W. Huntington will answer any 
inquiry regarding me. Anyone writing me direct my 
address is: JACK SUTTON, Ardersier; Inverness, Scot- 
land. 

ENGLISH PHEASANT EGGS FOR SALE— CON- 
tracts for season solicited. Single settings $3.00 for 15 
eggs ; $18 00 the hundred. C. T. KIMBALL, Beloit, 
Wisconsin. 

WANTED- PET DEER, OR FAWN. Box 327, Lex- 
ington, Kentueky. 

SCOTCHMAN TRAINED TO FISH CULTURE AND 
game raising in England and Scotland wishes situation 
as superintendent or" head keeper. Highest references 
from the well-known fish hatcheries and game preserves 
in England and Scotlana. Age, 36; height, 5 feet 10 inches. 
Personal reference from last employer in America. Apply 
CAIRNS, Bloomingburg. Sullivan Co.. New York. 

I RAISE PHEASANTS. PRICES FREE. H. W. 
MYERS, Tacoma, Wash. 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "'Yours for More Game." 



GAME FARMS 

and PRESERVES 



VV7E have For Sale 10,000 acres of 
""-farms and woodland in North- 
ern Connecticut and Western Massa- 
chusetts, within four or five hours of 
New York. 

This land is well adapted for game 
farming and preserving, being well 
watered: it contains numerous trout 
streams and ponds. 

There are a number of good farm 
houses suitable for game keepers 
lodges. 

The property can be sold as an en- 
tirety or subdivided to suit purchasers. 

Prices from $8 to $10 per acre. 

ORCUTT, WRIGHT & CO. 

220 BROADWAY - - NEW YORK 



" ■ ■ ' - - • 



REAL ESTATE 

FOR SALE, a Tract of land suitable 
for a game park or preserve. 
Contains 2500 acres, two lakes, trout 
streams, part cleared, balance wood- 
land* Timber alone is worth the 
price asked for the land* 

This tract is well suited for a 
Game Breeding Association or Shoot- 
ing Club* It is located on the Dela- 
ware River, not far from Port Jervis* 

There are a number of buildings 
suitable for Club purposes* 

We have other properties adapted 
for Game Breeding Associations and 
Shooting and Fishing Preserves* 

For Particulars address 

W* G* LYNCH 

The W* G* Lynch Realty Co* 

Times Building - - New York